What is CBG?

Written by BlackbirdGo November 8, 2018
The Plant

This week we’re continuing our series on cannabinoids with cannabigerol, also known as CBG.

CBG is one of the chemical compounds found in weed called a cannabinoid. CBG is often considered a “minor cannabinoid” due to its relatively low concentration in mature cannabis plants. CBG is a product of the same chemical reactions that create THC and CBD -- and therefore its concentration is directly linked to the levels of THC and CBD in any given strain.

CBG was first discovered in research conducted on hash in the 1960s. CBG is one of the cannabinoids that is unique to cannabis and its precursor, cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) is the parent cannabinoid of all other cannabinoids found in cannabis.

CBG is not believed to be psychoactive like THC, which means that it does not produce the intoxicating effects cannabis is known for. Some research suggests that CBG can temper the psychoactive effects of THC.

Where to Find CBG

Because CBG is not as well known as other cannabinoids, it is often difficult to find strains that are high in CBG specifically. Because of how CBG is produced in the lifecycle of the plant, higher levels of CBG are found in young and underdeveloped cannabis plants, which can be used for extraction.

Medical Benefits of CBG

Due to prohibition, there is not enough information to conclusively list all of the potential benefits of CBG. Research indicates that CBG may be effective in treating the following:
- Glaucoma
- Colon cancer
- Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
- Bladder dysfunctions

CBG also has antibacterial and analgesic properties that could rival THC.

Possible Risks of CBG

There is not enough research at this time to accurately assess the potential risks associated with CBG. As always, if you are concerned, you should seek advice from a trusted medical professional.

The Entourage Effect and Total Plant Medicine

Research suggests that the use of pure extracts of any cannabinoid or terpene is not as effective as when they are paired with other cannabinoids and terpenes. These compounds have a synergistic effect -- working in tandem to interact with your body’s endocannabinoid system. Studies have shown that consistent use as well as the use of a variety of cannabinoids at different potencies show better results in the treatment of various symptoms.

Think of it like taking a multivitamin -- the increased and consistent levels of vitamins in your immune system promote the overall efficiency of your immune system and will show improvement over time. Similarly, research suggests that consistency of use of cannabinoids promotes the overall effectiveness of the endocannabinoid system.

Disclaimer: Keep out of reach of children. For use only by adults 21 years of age and older.